Adamawa State Profile

Updated: Jan 27, 2022
By Editorial Staff

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Adamawa State

Adamawa is one of the 36 states located in North-Eastern Nigeria. It was created from old Gongola state in 1991, along with Taraba state.  The state is bordered by Borno state to the northwest, Gombe to the west and Taraba to the southwest. It also shares a border with Cameroon through Madagali LGA.

The capital of the State is Yola. Before the start of Colonial rule, Adamawa along with most parts of Northern Cameron was headed by a ruler known as Lamido, under the Sultanate of Sokoto.

Adamawa state was one of the North-Eastern states hit by the Boko. A state of Emergency was once declared there in 2013. Adamawa state has produced numerous personalities, including former Vice President Atiku Abubakar, and many more.


Land of Beauty

Land Mass

At 36,917km2, It is the 7th largest state in Nigeria.

Population of Adamawa State

According to the latest NBS projections of 2017, the population of Adamawa state is 4,248,436 (4 Million)

Present Governor of Adamawa State

The current Governor of Adamawa State is Ahmadu Umaru Fintiri of the PDP, elected in 2019 along with his Deputy, Crowther Seth.

Social Media Accounts

Adamawa State Government Facebook Page

Adamawa State Government Twitter Account

Adamawa state government  Instagram Account      

Former Governors of Adamawa State

Name                                                   SystemTime in Office
Mohammed JegaMilitary GovernorMar 1976 – Jul 1978
Abdul Rahaman Mamudu          Military GovernorJul 1978 – Oct 1979       
Abubakar Barde                    Civilian Governor (GNPP)Oct 1979 – May 1983       
Wilberforce Juta                  Civilian Governor3 May 1983 – Oct 1983    
Bamanga Tukur                     Civilian Governor (NPN)Oct 1983 – Dec 1983      
Mohammed Jega (2nd time)      Military GovernorJan 1984 – Aug 1985       
David David Jang                 Military GovernorAug 1986 – Dec 1987       
Isah Mohammed                         Military GovernorDec 1987 – Dec 1989       
Abubakar Salihu                   Military GovernorDec 1989 – Jan 1992       
Abubakar Saleh Michika            Civillian Governor (NRC)Jan 1992 – Nov 1993       
Gregory Agboneni                       Military Administrator9 Dec 1993 – 14 Sep 1994 
Mustapha Ismail                           Military Governor14 Sep 1994 – 22 Aug 1996 
Joe A. Kalu-Igboama                    Military Governor22 Aug 1996 – Aug 1998    
Ahmadu G. Hussaini                     Military AdministratorAug 1998 – 29 May 1999    
Boni Haruna                        Civilian Governor (PDP)              29 May 1999 – 29 May 2007 
Murtala H. Nyako (1st time)      Civilian Governor (PDP)29 May 2007 – 26 Feb 2008 
James BarkaActing       (PDP)     26 Feb 2008 – 30 Apr 2008 
Murtala H. Nyako (2nd time)     Civilian Governor (PDP)30 Apr 2008 – 24 Jan 2012 
Ahmadu Umaru Fintiri            Acting (PDP)27 Jan 2012 –  8 Feb 2012 
Murtala H. Nyako (3rd time)Civilian (PDP)Feb- 2012- July 2014
Ahmadu Umaru FintiriActing15 Jul 2014 –  8 Oct 2014 
Bala Ngilari              Acting (PDP)8 Oct 2014 – 29 May 2015 
Mohammed Jibrilla Bindow          Civilian (APC)                   29 May 2015 – 29 May 2019 
Ahmadu Umaru Fintiri (3rd time)   Civilian (PDP)29 May 2019 –   Date

Local Governments in Adamawa State

Adamawa state has a total of 27 local government areas, and here is a list of all the local governments and their headquarters.

Local Government Area                                                              Headquarters
Demsa                                                                                                Demsa
Fufore                                                                                                 Fufore 
Ganye                                                                                                 Ganye
Girei                                                                                                    Girei
Gombi                                                                                                Gombi
Guyuk                                                                                                 Guyuk
Hong                                                                                                   Hong Jada                                                                                                     Jada Lamurde                                                                                            Lamurde Madagali                                                                            Madagali Maiha                                                                                                 Maiha
Mayo-Belwa                                                                                    Mayo Belwa
Michika                                                                              Michika
Mubi North                                                                                      Mubi North
Mubi South                                                                                      Mubi South Numan                                                                                               Numan Shelleng                                                                                             Shelleng Song                                                                                                    Song      Toungo                                                                                               Toungo
Yola North (State capital)                                                            Yola North
Yola South                                                                                         Mubi  

Commissioners In Adamawa State

Adamu Atiku AbubakarCommissioner for Works and Energy Development
Mohammed UmarCommissioner for Local Government Affairs
Mr Elijah TumbaCommissioner of Reconstruction, Rehabilitation, Reintegration and Human Services
Dr Ishaya DabariCommissioner for Finance and Budget
Sunday MathewCommissioner For Housing and Urban Development
Prof Isa AbdullahiCommissioner For Health and Human Services
Hassan KaigamaCommissioner  For Water Resources
Dr Umar GarbaInformation and Strategy
Lami PatrickCommissioner For Women Affairs and Social Development
Abdullahi PrambeCommissioner for Rural Infrastructure and Community Development
Usman Yahaya DiyajoCommissioner of Livestock and Aquaculture Development
Umaru Iya DawareCommissioner of Tertiary and Professional Education
Ibrahim MijinyawaCommissioner Of Land and Survey
Sunusi FarukCommissioner For Youths and Sports Development
Bappa Dalhatu IsaCommissioner For  Mineral Resources Development
Aloysius BabadokeCommissioner For Special Duties
Shuaibu AuduCommissioner For Environment and Natural Resources Development

Major Tribes in Adamawa State

  1. Leko–Nimbari or Chamba Mumuye, a subgroup consisting of various languages
  2. Duru, or Dourou, Durru, Duru, Nyag Dii, Yag Dii, Zaa
  3. Chamba Leko, Lego, Leko, Lekon, Ndi, Samba, Samba Leeko, Suntai spoken in Jada LGA and other parts of the state.
  4. Nimbari, Niam-Niam which is no longer spoken
  5. Bua, Ba, Boa, Boua, Bwa spoken in Northern Chad and parts of Adamawa state
  6. Kim, kia, Masa
  7. Koma tribe, a primitive tribe located in Jada local government
  8. Mbum, spoken in Demsa, Girei, Numan, Shelleng, and Song LGAs.
  9. Waja–Jen consisting of Awak and Kamo languages
  10. Bikwin–Jen consisting of the two distinct subgroups of Bikwin and Jen
  11. Tula–Wiyaa, ula–Waja, or Tula–Wiyaa languages
  12. Fulbe, Fulani or Fulata widespread in the state.
  13. Margi, Marghi, or ,Margi Central located in parts of Mubi and Michika  

Facts About Adamawa State

  1. Adamawa state is named after the founder of the Emirate, Modibo Adama who ruled the Emirate after the Islamic Jihad led by Usman dan Fodio in 1804.
  2. Adamawa state is one of the most diverse states in the Federation, consisting of several tribes and languages whom are mostly extinct.
  3. The Koma tribe located in Jada LGA of Adamwa state consider giving birth of twins as an ‘evil thing’ and ‘abomination’ Women who bring this ‘misfortune’ are buried alive along with the babies.
  4. In a 1961 United Nations Referendum, Northern Cameron opted to be part of Nigeria and Northern Cameroon officially became part of Nigeria on 1st June while Southern Cameroon remained part of Cameroon.
  5. Former Vice President, Atiku Abubakar’s hometown Jada was formerly part of Northern Cameroon. Because of this, he was referred as ineligible to contest for the Presidency by some.
  6. The American University located in Yola, Adamwa is the first American-style higher institution in Sub Saharan Africa, and the second in Africa, after Egypt.
  7. Madagali Local Government area in Adamawa is home to the Sukur World Heritage Site, one of the few in Northern Nigeria.
  8. The late Lamido of Adamawa, Aliyu Mustafa (1953–2010) spent a total of 57 years on the throne, making him the longest reigning monarch in northern Nigeria. His eldest son, Muhammad Barkindo Aliyu Mustafa has been on the throne since 2011.

Tourist Attractions in Adamawa State

  1. Nuhu Auwalu Wakili’s Palace in Mubi
  2. Sukur World Heritage Site in Madagali
  3. Lamido’s Palace in Yola
  4. American University of Nigeria (AUN) In Yola
  5. Kamale Mountain Peak in Michika
  6. Three Sisters Rock in Song
  7. The confluence of Rivers Benue and Gongola in Numan Uba under Mubi (Valanyi)
  8. Elephant House at Guyuk Loca Government Area.
  9. Gorobi Rock Formation at Mayo-Belwa Local Government Area
  10. Kiri Dam
  11. Koma Hills
  12. Mandara Mountains
  13. Old Palace of Hamman Yaji
  14. Ruwan Zafi
  15. Three Sisters Rock
  16. Gumti Park

Notable Figures and People From Adamawa

  1.  Atiku Abubakar
  2. Iya Abubakar
  3. Jibril Aminu
  4. Alex Badeh
  5. Ahmed Hassan Barata
  6. Mohammed Bello
  7. Umar Buba Bindir
  8. Aisha Buhari
  9. Ahmadu Umaru Fintiri
  10. Binta Masi Garba
  11. Boni Haruna
  12. Bindo Jibrilla
  13. Muhammadu Gambo Jimeta
  14. Ibrahim Lamorde
  15. Babachir David Lawal
  16. Buba Marwa
  17. Abubakar Saleh Michika
  18. Boss Mustapha
  19. Murtala Nyako
  20. Nuhu Ribadu
  21. Bamanga Tukur
  22. Aliyu Kama

Mineral Resources Found in Admawa State

  1. Bentonite
  2. Gypsum
  3. Kaolin
  4. Magnesite

Ceremonies and Festivals in Adamawa State

  1. Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha
  2. Christmas Celebrations
  3. Easter Celebrations
  4. The Phuki Festival
  5. Njuwa Festival
  6. Njuwa Festival
  7. Yawal Festival

List of Tertirary Institutions in Adamawa State

Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola

Adamawa State University Mubi

American University of Nigeria, Yola

Adamawa State College of Education

Ahmadu Ribadu College

Adamawa State Polytechnic

How Many Emirates in Adamawa State?

Adamawa state has 8 Emirates and chiefdoms consisting of 104 District Head. The Chairman of the State Traditional Council of Emirs and Chiefs is the Lamido of Adamawa.

Major Markets in Adamawa State.

  1. Uba main market
  2. Garkida market
  3. Gombi market
  4. Mubi grains market
  5. Hong market
  6. Michika market
  7. Gulak market
  8. Kasuwan Gwari, Jimeta
  9. Cattle Market Mubi
  10. Yola main market
  11. Old Numan market
  12. Bula market Jimeta
  13. Jimeta old market
  14. Madagali main market

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