Jigawa State Profile

Updated: Jan 22, 2022
By Editorial Staff

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Jigawa State

Jigawa state is one of the states created on 27 August 1991. The word ‘Jigawa’ means hill, the state was named that due to the high hills across the state. It was carved out from Kano state by the then administration of General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida. It is located in the North West and shares a border with Kano state by the West, on the East by Bauchi and on the North by Katsina and Yobe States and the Republic of Niger through Maigatari Local Government.

Despite its later creation, Jigawa state remains one of the most important states in the North and the Federation. Hadejia, one of the original seven Hausa states is located in the state. The residents of the state are great farmers involved in large farming activities.

Jigawa state is also one of the safest states in Nigeria with a minimal security risk. The state is safe for students, corpers, businessmen and people looking for economic opportunities.


The New World

Population of Jigawa State

According to the latest NBS projections of 2017, the population of Jigawa State is 5,828,163.


The state has an area of 23,154 km², the 18th out of 36 states in Nigeria.

Official Website of Jigawa State

Jigawa State Government

Who is the Present Governor of Jigawa State?

The present Governor of Jigawa state is Alhaji Badaru Abubakar Talamiz, who was reelected on the platform of the All Progressives Congress (APC) in 2019, along with his deputy Alhaji Umar Namadi.

Social Media Handles

Jigawa State Government, Nigeria | Facebook

Jigawa State New Media Office | Facebook

Jigawa State Twitter Account

Jigawa Intsagram Page

Former Governors of Jigawa

Olayinka SuleMilitary Governor28 Aug 1991 – Jan 1992
Ali Sa’ad Birnin-Kudu     Civilian Governor (SDP)Jan 1992 – Nov 1993  
Ibrahim Aliyu     Military Administrator9 Dec 1993 – 22 Aug 1996 
Rasheed A. ShekoniMilitary Administrator22 Aug 1996 – Aug 1998     
Abubakar Sadiq Zakariya  MaimalariMilitary AdministratorAug 1998 – May 1999         
Ibrahim Saminu Turaki Civilian Governor (ANPP)29 May 1999 – 29 May 2007
Sule LamidoCivilian Governor (PDP)29 May 2007 – 29 May 2015 
Mohammed Badaru AbubakarCivilian Governor (APC)29 May 2015 – date    
List of Jigawa State Governors

Ministries and Commissioners of Jigawa State   

Lawan Yunusa Dan Zomo  Commissioner of Education Science & Technology
Dr. Abba Umar ZakariCommissioner of Health
Babangida Umar Gantsa  Commissioner of Finance and Economic Planning
Barrister Musa Adamu Aliyu  Commissioner of Justice
Salisu Zakar Hadejia  Commissioner of Commerce and Industries
Ibrahim Baba Chaichai  Commissioner of Environment
(Colonel) Muhammad Alhassan  Commissioner of Agriculture and Natural Resources
Hon. Kabiru Muhammad Garba  Commissioner of Water Resources
Hajiya Yelwa Da,u Tijjani  Commissioner of Women Affairs & Social Welfare
Engineer Aminu Usman  Commissioner of Works & Transport
Alhaji Bala ‘Mamser’ IbrahimMinistry of Information Youth Sport & Culture
Kabiru Hassan Sugungum  Commissioner for Local Government, Chieftaincy and Community Development
Commissioners in Jigawa

Number of Local Governments and Their Headquarters

Jigawa state has a total of 27 local governments and they include:

S/NLocal GovernmentHeadquarters
4.Birnin KuduBirnin Kudu
15.Kafin HausaKafin Hausa
21.Malam MadoriMalam Madori
25.Sule TankarkarSule Tankarkar

Major Tribes in Jigawa

The dominant tribes in Jigawa state are the Hausa and Fulani. However, other tribes found include;

  1. Bade tribe
  2. Warji (Warjawa)
  3. Mangawa (The third largest found in Birniwa, Guri and Kiri kasamma LGAs )
  4. Badawa ( found in Birniwa, Guri and Kiri kasamma LGAs )
  5. Duwai Tribe
  6. Ngizimawa ( found in Birniwa, Guri and Kiri kasamma LGAs )
  7. Kanuri Tribe
  8. Kurama, or Akurmi, or BagwamaTribe
  9. Angas Tribe

Facts About Jigawa State

  1. The Mangawa, Badawa and Ngizmawa are all sub tribes of the Kanuri tribe. This is due to the close proximity of the state and the border shared with Yobe, where Kanuri’s are found.
  2. Do you know that at 32, Birnin kudu became the youngest elected Governor in the history of Nigeria? The record still stands to this day.
  3. Jigawa has a free trade policy with the Zinder area of Niger Republic, making Maigatari, one of the most important commercial areas of the state.
  4. Hadejia (Hadeja), one of the original ‘seven Hausa states’ is one of the largest and most important cities in Jigawa.
  5. The people of the state are highly involved in farming activities. It is not uncommon to see a farmer in the state cultivating several thousand hectares of land.
  6. Jigawa state had two people who served as the IGP, Hafiz Ringim (2010-2012) who served between and Suleiman Abba  (August 2014-21 April 2015)
  7.  Dutse, the capital of Jigawa is a very rocky place consisting of Hills and rocks
  8.  The state is bisected by the Hadejia River and traverses the state from the west to the east through Hadejia-Nguru wetlands and empties into Lake Chad.
  9. Dr Nurudeen Mohammed, a Medical Doctor from Jigawa was one of the youngest Ministers in the country when he was made Minister of State For Foreign Affairs (2012-2015) at the age of 34.
  10. Informatics institute, found in 2000 is one of the first computer training institute of its kind in Northern Nigeria.
  11.  HRH Alh. Ahmed Mohammed Sani II (CON), The Emir of Gumel is one of the longest serving Emirs in Northern Nigeria who spent 40 years on the throne.
  12. Sallar Gani, an annual festival celeberated on 12th of Rabiul Awwal (the 3rd month of the Islamic calendar) for maulud celebrations to commemorate the birth of the Holy prophet Muhammad in Gumel, Kazaure, Hadejia and other towns in Jigawa is the second most important festival after the two eids. It is elaborate, colorful and well planned. Citizens of such towns go back home every year, to witness the occasion, along with other visitors, and tourists.

Tourist Attraction Sites in Jigawa State

Jigawa state has a lot of places to visit and they include;

  1. Birnin Kudu Rock Paintings
  2. Emir of Dutse Palace
  3. Emir of Hadejia Palace
  4. Emir of Gumel’s Palace
  5. Emir of Kazaure’s Palace
  6. Emir of Gumel’s Palce
  7. Dutse Rocks
  8. Wawan Rafi Resort
  9. Amaryawa Rock Range
  10. Gwaram Ruins
  11. Tomb of Capatin Phillips (Kabarin Mai Tumbi)
  12. Nigerian Institute for Oil Palm Research
  13. Hadejia Wetlands
  14. Gwaram Forest Reserve
  15. Garin Gabas-Ancient Settlement
  16. Harbo Village Fishing Village
  17. Maigatari Boader
  18. Mandara/Talata Gets in Hadejia
  19. Dabar magini Birds Sanctuary in Guri
  20. Baturiya Birds Sanctuary in Kiri-kassamma
  21. Saminu Turaki Tower

Notable Figures and Personalities from Jigawa State

  1. Ali Sa’ad Birnin-Kudu, Former Governor in the Third Republic
  2. Alhaji Inuwa Dutse, Agitator for the State of Jigawa, Elder Statesman and First Republic Comissioner
  3. Suleiman Kazaure, Former DG of NYSC
  4. Shu’aibu Kazaure,  Former Chairman, Federal Civil Service Commission
  5. Bello Maitama Yusuf Sardaunan Dutse, Former Senator, Federal Minister and Elder Statesman
  6. Ibrahim Saminu Turaki, Two term Governor (1999-2007)                                          
  7. Sule Lamido, Two term Governor (2007-2015), and Former Minister    
  8. Mohammed Badaru Abubakar, current Governor and Businessman
  9.  Suleiman Abba, Former Inspector General of Police (1 August 2014-21 April 2015)
  10. Hafiz Ringim Former IGP (2010-2012)
  11. Nana Abdullahi, First female High Court justice in Jigawa
  12. Muhammed Babandede,  Comptroller General of Nigerian Immigration Services
  13. Muhammed Kazaure Gudaji, A House of Representatives Member Representing, Kazaure, Gwiwa,Roni and Yankwashi Federal Constituency
  14. Muhammad Sabo Nakudu, Senator and Former House of Representatives Member
  15. Ruqayyah Ahmed Rufa’i, Former Education Minister
  16. Dahiru Musdapher, Jurist and Former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (2011-2012)
  17. Mallam Aminu Ibrahim Ringim, Politician and Gubernatorial Candidate
  18. Dr Nurudeen Mohammed, Medical Doctor and Former Minister of State For Foreign Affairs (2012-2015)
  19. Suleiman Hussein Adamu, Minister of Water Resources (2015-2023)
  20. Amina Zakari, Former INEC Acting Chair

Natural and Mineral Resources Found in Jigawa State

  1. Iron ore.
  2. Silver.
  3. Gold.
  4. Cobalt.
  5. Bauxite.
  6. Lithium.
  7. Zinc.
  8. Potash.
  9. Granite

The state also grows crops like rice, wheat, maize, sesame, tomatoes, guinea corn, watermelons, and so on.

Ceremonies and Festival in Jigawa

1. Hawan Sallah (Durbar festival)

2.  Hawan Idi

3. Eid al-Adha

4. Eid al-Fitri

5. Sallar Gani

6. Dambe (boxing)

7. Kokawa (Wrestling)

8. Sharo ( Traditional flogging)

Tertiary Institutions in Jigawa State

  1. Federal University, Dutse            
  2. Sule Lamido University, Kafin Hausa
  3.  Husaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic, Kazaure
  4. Jigawa state College of Education Gumel
  5. School of Nursing and Midwifery Birnin Kudu
  6. Health Technology School Jahun
  7. Jigawa State Polytechnic Dutse
  8. Informatics Institute Kazaure
  9. Jigawa State C.I.L.S Ringim
  10. Binyaminu Usman Polytechnic Hadeja
  11.  School of Nursing Hadejia
  12. National Teachers Institutes Hadejia Study Centre

Emirates and Emirs in Jigawa

Jigawa state has 5 First class emirates namely; Hadejia, Kazaure, Gumel, Dutse, and Ringim. The Emirs are as follows.

  1. HRH. Dr. Adamu Abubakar-Maje, CON the Emir of Hadejia and Chairman, Council of Emirs in Jigawa.
  2. HRH. Alhaji Najib Hussaini Adamu, Emir of Kazaure
  3.  HRH Alh. Ahmed Mohammed Sani II (CON), Emir of Gumel
  4. HRH. Alh. (Dr.) Muhammadu Nuhu Sanusi ,Emir of Dutse
  5. HRH Alh. (Dr). Sayyadi Mahmoud Usman (CON), Emir of Ringim.

Fact: At almost 90 years, the Emir of Ringim is one of the oldest Emirs in Northern Nigeria. He is also the eldest surviving member of the Dabo Fulani Dynasty, which has ruled Kano since 1819.

Major Markets in the State

  1. Maigatari Market
  2. Gujungu Market
  3. Sara Market
  4. Hadejia Market
  5. Kafin hausa Market
  6. Shuwarin Market.
  7.  Hade market
  8. Kupsa market
  9. Dutse central market
  10. Sabuwar kasuwa


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