by Deen Dabai | Nov 12, 2021 | Travel & Leisure
The home of hospitality as it is fashionably called, Katsina State was carved out of the old Kaduna State on Wednesday, 27th September 1989 by the then military Head of State, Maj. General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida (IBB), GCON. Katsina is primarily a Hausa-Fulani state and it comprises of two emirates; the Daura and the Katsina Emirate. Clans between the prince of Baghdad Bayajidda and Daurama gave rise to the originators of Daura, Katsina, Kano, Zaria, Rano, Biram, and Gobir. This article seeks to tell you some of the amazing places to visit in Katsina State.
Katsina like any other state has so many tourist attractions whose origin can be traced back to hundreds of years. Some of these tourist attractions are the Katsina Emir’s palace, Daura Emir’s palace, Kusugu Well, Old KTC, Gobarau minaret, National museum, Katsina city gates, and so on. Below are some 6 places to visit in Katsina:
Places to Visit in Katsina State
1. Katsina Emir’s Palace
The Katsina Royal Palace also known as ‘Gidan Korau’ is one of the lovely places to visit in Katsina. It is a huge complex located in the centre of the historic city. It is a masterwork of Hausa architecture which serves as a symbol of the culture, history, and traditions of the Katsina people.
According to historical account, the palace was built in 1348 AD by Muhammadu Korau, who is believed to have been the first Muslim emir of Katsina. This explains why it is traditionally known as ‘Gidan Korau’ (House of Korau). It is one of the oldest and among the first generation palaces, along with Daura, Kano, and Zazzau (Zaria).
The palace’s compound is divided into three sections; the living quarters of the emir and his family which is called ‘Soro’ and ‘Barga’, the yard where the emir’s stable is located, where his servants and slaves also live. More so, there is also a place called ‘Gidan Ganye’; this is where the royal garden and the emir’s guest house are located.
The main gate leads to ‘Kofar Soro’, while the gate at the backyard is called ‘Kofar Bai’ (which is now gone). The emir’s residential quarter in the middle of the palace is a large compound built in traditional architectural style.
The palace’s buildings are made of conical-shaped and sun-dried clay bricks (known in Hausa as tubali), mud, and local rafters known as ‘azara’. The wall of the house is about 90 centimetres at the base and is plastered with high-quality clay mixed with cow dung and grass.
There also exists in the stunning palace, a mosque, a clinic, and a children’s playground. Attached to the ‘Babban Zaure’ reception are, is the emir’s inner compartment in which he sits with his senior councillors to receive state officials and other prominent people. At the northwest end of the compound is the old council chamber (tsohuwar majalisa), which was built by Emir Dikko who reigned from 1906 to 1944.
Bordering this building to the south is the new council chambers (sabuwar majalisa) which was built by Emir Usman Nagogo (1944-1951). The elegant emir’s palace is not only an outstanding piece of architecture that enchants tourists, but also a symbol of Islamic authority, a heritage of traditional Hausa architecture, and an enduring monument of organized society.
2. Emir of Daura’s Palace
The Emir of Daura’s palace as one of the places to visit in Katsina State is a beautiful structure located at the centre of the town, built by Magajiya Daurama shortly after moving the capital of the kingdom from ‘Tsohon Birni (Old City) to the present day Daura city.
The palace was constructed in the typical Hausa architecture, using sun-baked bricks, mud, local rafters, and ‘Makuba’, a local colourant.
The Palace also contains a large ‘zaure’ which is the main entrance and several inner chambers.
3. Kusugu Well Daura
The mythical Kusugu well in which a serpent called Sarki was slain by Abu Yazid Bin Abdullahi, popularly known as Bayajidda, is also one of the places to visit in Katsina as it serves as the major tourist attraction in Daura town.
During the reign of Queen Daurama of Daura, the major source of water for Daura residents was the Kusugu well. But people were only allowed to fetch water once a week, that is on Friday of every week because of a mythical snake that lives inside the well.
People continue to starve until one day when a person who was believed to be a Baghdadi prince, who goes by the name Abu Yazid Bin Abdullahi while traversing African countries arrived at Daura. After lodging in the house of one old woman, he requested water, but was not given enough water to satiate his thirst and was also told that there is no more to give him due to the presence of a snake in the well that obstructs residents from fetching water unless on Fridays.
Upon hearing that, Bayajidda then requested to be shown the well so that he can go and fetch the water by himself. He was cautioned about the tricky snake but did not heed the warning as he went ahead to the well and luckily, he slew the snake after a fight.
The well from time past has become a tourist site in the Daura Kingdom and the sword that was used to kill the formidable snake is in the custody of the Emir of Daura His Highness. Both the well and the sword can still be seen by tourists today.
4. Gobarau Minaret
The Famous Gobarau Minaret which is also known in Hausa as ‘Hasumiyya’, was according to historical findings, constructed over 600 years ago during the reign of the first Muslim Emir of Katsina, Sarki Muhammadu Korau (1398-1408 AD) and still standing. During his time, the minaret serves as the central mosque of Katsina town. It is believed to be one of the largest ancient edifices in West Africa.
The Gobarau Minaret is 50 feet or a 15-meter minaret located in the centre of Katsina city. As an early representation of Muslim architecture in Katsina, the tower has become a symbol of the city.
It is the first tallest building built in the ancient city of Katsina, to serve the function of a surveillance tower for spotting enemy invaders as they approached the city during communal war inherent in that era.
The Minaret which according to Katsina state history and culture bureau initially stood at 122m i.e. 400ft before the main body of the tower collapsed. So it is therefore then reduced to stand at the present height of 17.11m with a base of approximately 83.36sqm.
The building was designed and built to reflect the Timbuktu type of architecture depicting the civilization and craftsmanship of the 14th-century inhabitants. Originally built as the central Mosque of Katsina town, it was also later used as a school. By the beginning of the 16th century, Katsina had become a very important commercial and academic center in Hausaland, and Gobarau mosque had grown into a famed institution of higher Islamic education.
Gobarau continued to be Katsina’s Central mosque until the beginning of the 19th century AD when Sarkin Katsina Ummarun Dallaji (1805-1835) built a new mosque, which was later demolished by Muhammadu Dikko (1906–1944), who built the famous Masallacin Dutsi, which is still used up to this day.
5. Katsina City Gates
Constructed about 900 years ago during the reign of King Murabus, the Katsina city wall as one of the places to visit in Katsina State encircles the city and has several different gates for passage. The ancient gates of the city walls continue to amuse visitors to the town and are something that faraway tourists have heard about and wish to see.
Some of these gates are Kofar Kaura (kofa means gate), Kofar Sauri, Kofar Marusa, Kofar Durbi, Kofar Kwaya et cetera.
All the above-mentioned places are amazing places to visit in Katsina State you should at least once visit as a Northern Nigeria.
Tell me in the comments section below which you would love to visit soon. Thank you.
by Abdullahi Malumfashi | Oct 5, 2021 | Facts
Northern Nigeria has many Emirs, some of who have been on the throne for a long. Emirs are an important link to the people, a great source of preservation of the history and culture of the people as well as play their roles in peacebuilding, peace and serving as mediators in conflict. In this list, we will be looking at the top 15 longest-serving Emirs in Northern Nigeria.
Longest Serving Emirs and Chiefs from Northern Nigeria
13. The Late Emir of Argungu, Alhaji Muhammadu Mera
The late Emir of Argungu Alhaji Muhammadu Mera, is one of the longest-serving monarchs from northern Nigeria, having spent 37 years on the throne.
Born in 1932, Emir Muhammadu Mera was the 32nd Emir of Argungu. Mera studied in Middle School, Kaduna College as well as the Katsina Teacher Training College. He was later awarded a scholarship by the defunct northern Nigerian Government to study in the UK.
Upon his return, he became a councillor of Education in the Regional Government. He was appointed the District Head of Argungu in 1955. In 1959, upon the death of the Emir, he was appointed the 32nd Emir of Arugungu, the throne of his ancestors.
He died in 1996 and was succeeded by his son, Emir, Alhaji Samaila Muhammadu Mera.
12. Sarkin Katagum Alhaji Umar Muhammadu Kabir Umar (Baba Umar Faruk), The 12th Emir of Katagum
The late Emir of Katagum, Alhaji Umar Muhammadu Kabir was one of the longest serving Emirs in northern Nigeria having served for 37 years. He is also one of the most loved.
He attended Bauchi Middle School in 1948 and later studied Local Government Administration in 1950. The late Emir was also the Head of the Bauchi State Development Board as well as the Chairman Board of the Governing Council of College of Islamic and Legal Studies, Misau between 1986 to 2001.
The late Emir was appointed in 1980, upon the demise of his father and the recommendation of the Council of Kingmakers. During his reign, he used his wealth of experience and connections to bring development to his Emirate.
He died in December 2017 aged 89.
11. Emir of Daura Muhammadu Bashar of Daura
Muhammadu Bashar, the 59th Emir of Daura was one of the few who lasted long on the throne.
He was born in 1926 to the ruling house of Daura being the grandson of the Emir of Daura Malam Abdulrahman. The late Muhammadu Bashar attended Katsina Middle School, Barewa College, Kano School for Arabic Studies as well as the Institute of Administration Zaria. He later attended the South Devon Technical College in the United Kingdom.
Muhammadu Bashar first started as a scribe in Daura, before gaining promotion to Assistant Chief Scribe in 1950. He later got elected as a member of the Northern House of Assembly in 1951. He became the Wamban Daura as well as appointed as a Minister of Economic Planning in the short-lived First Republic.
Muhammadu Bashar was appointed the Emir of Daura in 1966, one of the most respected traditional intuitions in the country.
He reigned for 41 years, and died in 2007.
10. The Late Emir of Lafia, Isa Mustapha Agwai I
The late Emir of Lafia was born on the 15th of February, 1935 In Kofar Kaura in Lafia. He attended the Institute of Administration of Ahmadu Bello University Zaria in 1958 where he obtained a Diploma in Accountancy.
After that, he joined the service of the Lafia Native Authority as an assistant treasurer. He later held the title of Dangaladima and the district head of Obi.
Agwai was named the Emir of Lafia on 15th May 1974, having defeated numerous other contestants. He served for 43 years making him one of the longest serving Emirs in Northern Nigeria.
He died in 2019 aged 84 after spending 44 years on the throne, making him one of the longest reigning Emirs in Northern Nigeria
9. Emir of Zaria, Shehu Idris
The late Shehu Idris was one of the most respected traditional leaders as well as one of the longest serving Emirs in northern Nigeria. Before he was appointed the Emir, he was a Private Secretary to the former Emir, Muhammadu Aminu. He was also the Dan Madamin Zazzau.
The late Emir was appointed in 1975 and went on to spend 45 years on the throne. Under his reign, his Emirate witnessed significant development and got transformed into an urban area.
Shehu Idris died on 20 September 2020, aged 84.
8. Emir of Kontagora, Saidu Namaska
The late Sarkin Sudan, Alhaji Sai’du was a descendant of the legendary Shehu Usman Danfodio as well as Nagwamatse, the founder of the Kontagora Kingdom. He was born in 1937.
The deceased worked with the Nigeria Police Force in 1961, as well as with the State Judicial Services. He was appointed to the throne of his ancestors in 1974 and reined for 47 years before his demise in 2021.
He was the longest serving Emir in northern Nigeria before his death.
The late Emir of Kontagora died aged 84.
7. Sultan Sadiq Abubakar III
Sir Siddiq Abubakar III, was the important Sultan of Sokoto between 1938-1988. The Sultan was a descendant of Usman Dan Fodio, through his grandfather Mu’azu. He was appointed by the British because of his trust and support of the public. He so far proved them right.
Sir Saddiq Abubakar III died in 1988 aged ’80s having been on the throne for 50 years. He left behind 52 children, three of which became Sultans themselves.
6. Emir of Kagara, Alhaji Salihu Tanko
Another Emir from Niger state, the late Salihu Tanko was one of the longest serving Emirs from northern Nigeria. He was first appointed a District Head of Tegina in 1971 before he was upgraded to a second class chief of Kagara in 1982. He was later elevated to a first-class Emir in 1991.
The late Emir was born on 5th April 1930. He ruled for 50 years until he died in 2021 aged 90.
He has been described as a ‘symbol of humility and patience’
5. Emir of Kano, Ado Bayero
The legendary Ado Bayero is synonymous with the title of Emir of Kano, having to be on the throne for 52 years. He was the son of the Emir of Kano Abdullahi Bayero.
Having attended the Kano Middle School as well as the School of Arabic Studies in 1947, he joined the Native Authority. He became in charge of the Police Force, the popular “Wakilin Dan Doka.” He was also briefly the Nigerian Ambassador to Senegal during the First Republic.
Ado Bayero was appointed upon the death of Muhammadu Inuwa. His time as Emir of Kano coincided with the rapid changes in the country as well as in the region. He also witnessed many reforms to the Emir’s Council. Ado Bayero survived an assassination attempt in 2013.
He died in 2014 aged 83 and was one of the most respected Emirs in Northern Nigeria.
4. Emir of Daura Abdulrahman
One of the oldest and longest serving Emirs in northern Nigeria, Abdulrahman was the Emir of Daura Abdulrahman between 1912 to 1966.
He spend 55 years on the throne and was succeeded by his grandson Bashar.
3. Attah of Igala Aliyu Obaje, CFR
The late Attah of Igala in present-day Kogi state was not only one of the longest serving Emirs in northern Nigeria but in the whole country as well.
Born in 1920, Obaje was the 26th Attah of Igala. At the time of his appointment in 1956, he was the youngest person to be named the Attah. He went on to rule for 56 years, before his death at the age of 102.
Until his death, he was a First Class Chief, the paramount ruler of Igala as well as the Chairman of Kogi State Traditional Council and one of the most respected monarchs in the country.
2. Lamido of Adamawa Aliyu Mustapha Barkindo
The late Lamido of Adamawa Dr Aliyu Musdafa was the 11th Lamido, appointed by the Governor of Northern Nigeria Sir Bryan Sherwood in 1953. He was a direct descendant of Modibo Adama, the founder of the emirate.
Barkindo ruled for 57 years until he died in 2010. He was responsible for many developments in the Emirate, among which include the increase in the number of district heads, the founding of the Aliyu Mustafa College Yola and many more.
He was one of the most respected and longest serving Emirs from northern Nigeria. The late Lamido was survived by his son Muhammad Barkindo Aliyu Mustafa.
1. Chief of Kagoro Gwamna Awan
The late Chief of Kagoro was not only the longest serving emir in northern Nigeria, but the longest serving monarch in Africa as well, having reigned for 63 years. He reigned between 1945 – 2008.
Born in 1915, Gwamna Awan attended Elementary School in Toro and worked at the Sudan Interior Mission (SIM) Elementary School in Kagoro. He later joined the Native Authority and became an Assistant Scribe.
Upon the death of the then Chief, Gwamna Awan was appointed in 1944 and became the only Christian monarch in the whole southern part of Zaria.
He died in the early hours of 1st October 2008.